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EU Policy Brief
COMMERCIAL & RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
In 2002, the European Parliament passed the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) in order to meet ambitious climate & energy goals. Buildings consume over 40% of the EU's total energy use, and are responsible for about 36% of CO2 emissions. The EPBD required each EU member state to develop and implement a program of mandatory certification of building efficiency by 2006. Subsequent revisions of the EPBD have provided for a more flexible time-frame and more specific policy instructions.
The EPBD mandate applies to both new construction and existing buildings and affects both residential and commercial use types. Private buildings are required to attain certification upon sale or lease; public buildings (however defined) must put their certificates up for public display. Efficiency certificates may be based on asset (calculated) ratings, operational (measured) ratings, or both. Program specifics, like disclosure process, performance measurement, and calculation methodology are left up to the individual country or region.
European Union (EU)
Law: Energy Performance of Buildings Directive
Enacted: December 2002
Rating Tool: Various
Disclosure: Buyers, Lessees, Public
Building Type: Residential and Non-residential
Rating Type: Asset and/or Operational
European countries with EPBD policies:
*Non-EU members with EPBD-compliant policies
For a visualization of energy certificates used in each country/region,
check out the Energy Label Gallery.
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A rating evaluates the energy efficiency of a home or building. Disclosure is the process of publicizing this efficiency score. Such energy performance transparency informs the market about energy costs and encourages investments in efficiency. Learn more about Rating & Disclosure
Rating and Disclosure policies exist in more than 50 cities, states, and countries worldwide. This includes every EU member state, China, Australia, and jurisdictions across the United States. Check the global policy map
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